Top 10 Angola Facts in Angola History You Don’t Know.7 min read


The flag of Angola is actually pretty intriguing because it’s one of the few countries that have a flag that tries to imitate another flag. The colors black represents Africa, the red represents the blood of those who fought for Angola and in the middle is the Angola emblem. The emblem is a machete with half a cogwheel positioned in a way that somewhat imitates the old former USSR’s flag of the hammer and sickle. The machete represents peasantry and agriculture, the half cogwheel represents industry and the star on top represents the progress of the country all colored yellow to represent the wealth of the nation.

In terms of its political geography, Angola is located on the western coast of the southern part of Africa bordering the Atlantic Ocean on the west and bordered by four other countries. You would think Angola has bordered by three countries however in the north there is that one little small province called Cambinda. This little small sleek of land barely larger than the size of Delaware is so important to the Angolan country due to the fact that it produces and contains over 60% of Angola’s oil reserves. This small little piece of land touches the Republic of Congo making it the fourth country that technically borders Angola. Just like Albania, Angola is a coastal country but it doesn’t really have many coastal islands it only has about two. Kwanda Island in the north which operates as a administrative town that manages the logistics of the oil companies in Angola and Baia dos Tigres which actually used not to be an island but as a peninsula was connected to the mainland by a small little thin isthmus. However back in the 70s the ocean completely engulfed and destroyed the Isthmus and the one water pipeline that fed the one town on the island which was named tigress. Tigress used to be a fisher town however after that one freshwater pipeline that broke almost overnight the entire town was evacuated and today Baia dos Tigres is a ghost town.

The capital of Angola is Luanda which is an African architectural wonder mostly built off of the oil industry money that Angola thrives off of. A large portion of their everyday amenities have actually been imported and that is why everything is so expensive. For example a typical sandwich could cost $26, a pair of jeans $240 and don’t be surprised to see a two to three bedroom apartment go for rent for between $10,000 to $15,000 a month. Angola actually has a lot of different kinds of landscapes. In the north and northeast you can see a lot of tropical jungles and rainforests, in the center area you can find lots of flat plateaus and savannas, the further east you go you find a lot of dry hills and mountains and the further south you go along the coast you find desert lands and dry arid landscapes.

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If you go to the Moxico province and the east side you see this leaf shaped pattern from satellite images and that’s actually a really intricately widely disbursed section of rivers that actually kind of looks like a leaf and if you actually zoom in on these satellite images you can possibly find native tribal towns and areas that are uncharted and unmarked on the map but where the people still live in mud huts and thatched roof houses
Angola lands are actually very rich in resources and have huge potential for land cultivation. Actually at one point the during Portuguese colonization Angola used to produce almost every single major crop except for wheat and had a huge coffee, banana and maize export sector however, now agriculture is at a very small fraction of what it used to be in fact it produce about 1% of the coffee exports that they used to prior to 1975. The problem is that Angola went through a civil war and during the Civil War nobody really had time to invest in the infrastructure of the country and that kind off slowed down and completely halted most of the agricultural export. Also keep in mind that land mines were planted everywhere. However, the country is trying to make a comeback as best as they can. To this day over 95% of all of the exports actually comes from Oil.

As of 2014, Angola has about 22 million people with conservative estimates. There are three main people groups in Angola namely the Ovimbundu, the Ambundu and the Bakongo. Other minority groups exist as well that make up the remainder of the population. About 2% of the population is Mestizo or mixed between black and white, while about 1% of the population is European mostly Portuguese. Surprisingly about 1% of the population is also Chinese. In the past few decades, China has actually had a huge influx of immigrants coming to Angola mostly for business. This was actually quite impressive considering the fact that Angola had absolutely no ties to China prior to 1975 just a few decades ago.

The official language of Angola is actually Portuguese and this is due to the fact that Angola was a Portuguese colony for over 400 years until 1975. When it comes to friends Angola is kind of in a weird diplomatic limbo and it all has to do with the civil war. Angola was kind of like the Korean War and the Vietnam War in which it was a proxy war where the large part was affected by the cold war where the Soviets took over one side and the Western alliances took over the other side. However, it’s interesting because in this war China actually took the side against the Soviets. That made the Angolan Civil War one of the few times that the US and China actually fought alongside of each other for a common cause.
Eventually the MPLA won or the Soviet backed up side however in the 90s Angola dropped off the whole communism thing and adopted more of a US and Western friendly government style. This means that Angola is caught in a weird state in which they still have this tie to the former Soviet Union Nations even though they drop the whole communism and ideology thing while they are still progressively making friendships with the West and the U.S even though they spent countless years and resources fighting against them. When it comes to China, China still holds on and has huge ties to Angola diplomatically and economically. To this day Angola has just surpassed Saudi Arabia as China’s number one oil exporter and in return China has been investing tons back into Angola. The Chinese has even built an entire neighborhood called Nova Cidade de Kilimba in the south of Luanda with 750 apartment complexes.

Unfortunately the project didn’t go so well. The apartments were too expensive and to this day less than 10 percent of the area is occupied the rest is pretty much a ghost town. In terms of their best friends Angola would probably consider Brazil and Portugal. Even though Portugal had occupied them for over 400 years after they had received their independence they still maintained friendly ties to their former colonizer. Brazil which also used to be a Portuguese colony not only shares is a linguistic similarity with Angola but also has a huge business sector that they share with Angola as well.

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Not only does Angola have similar language with Brazil, Angola also related very well with each other because a large portion of the black people in Brazil have possible ties to Angola. Mozambique is always seen as like the little brother of Angola who often wants to imitate her. In conclusion, Angola has gone through more shifts and changes in the past 40 years than it ever has in its entire history and it’s still changing today. Angola is definitely one of those countries you’ll want to keep your eyes on.