The West African Flags, Their Colors and Meaning.5 min read

The Flag of Benin: The official flag of Benin was adopted in 1959. The flag has three colors namely green, yellow and red. The yellow and red bands lie horizontally side by side while the green lies vertically at one end. The yellow color means the vast plain of the Northern Savanna while the green color means the rich palm groves of the southern part of the country. The red signifies the blood of the nation’s heroes and heroines who fought for the country.

Flag of Benin

The Flag of Burkina Faso:  The flag of Burkina Faso was officially adopted in 1984. The flag has two bands of color lying horizontally with a yellow star at the center of the flag. The two bands of horizontal colors are red on top and green below. The green color means agricultural abundance of the nation while the red signifies revolution. The yellow star placed between the red and green bands means the light the guided the revolution.

Flag of Burkina Faso

The Flag of Ghana: The flag of Ghana was adopted officially in 1957. The flag has three major colors namely red, gold and dark green. These three colors lie horizontally with the red on top and the green below.  A black star is placed at the center of the flag. The red symbolizes the blood of the fallen heroes; the gold means the rich mineral resources of the country while the green means lavish natural endowment. The black star signifies the country’s emancipation.  Mr. Okoh Theodosia designed the Ghanaian flag.

Flag of Ghana

The Flag of Gambia: The flag of Gambia was adopted in 1965. The flag has three colors which are blue, red and green. The blue color represents the river Gambia, the green signifies the flourish savanna and the green means the country’s rich plantation.

Flag of Gambia

The Flag of Ivory Coast: The flag of Cote d’lvoire was adopted officially in 1959. The flag has three colors namely orange, white and green. The 3 colors stand vertically with the orange and green at the edge. The orange signifies the fertile land of the north, the white means peace and the green means the lush greenery of the southern part of the country.

Flag of Ivory Coast
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The Flag of Senegal: The map of Senegal was adopted officially in 1960. The Map has three colors namely green, yellow and red. These three bands stand vertically with the green and red at the edge. A green star is placed at the middle of the flag. The colors on the flag of Senegal has different connotation to different people. The yellow and red is basically taken to represent wealth and the green represents the primary parts of the country. Since majority of the country’s population is Islam, the green color and star is believed to be the prophet’s color. On the other hand, the Christians see the green as fertility.

Flag of Senegal

The Flag of Nigeria: The Nigeria flag was adopted in 1960. The flag has two colors of green and white. The green color is split to the edge while the white occupying the middle.  The three bands of color stand vertically. The green on the map of Nigeria symbolizes the country’s abundance natural resources and the white represents peace. Mr. Taiwo Michael Akinkumi was the designer of the Nigerian flag.

Flag of Nigeria

The Flag of Togo: The flag of Togo was adopted officially in 1960. The flag has as a white star on a red background with horizontal five stripes of yellow and green. The white star represents hope; the red background signifies blood of national fallen heroes and the horizontal 5 stripes means the 5 regions of the country.

Flag of Togo

The Flag of Guinea: The flag of Guinea was officially adopted in the year 1958. The flag has three distinctive colors which are red, yellow and green. The bands lie vertically upward with the red and green color by the sides. The red color signifies blood of past heroes and heroines of the nation who died fighting against slavery and for independence. The yellow signifies the sun and the green represents the lush vegetation of the nation.

Flag of Guinea
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The Flag of Guinea Bissau: The Guinea Bissau flag was adopted officially in 1973. The flag had two bands of gold and green lying side by side with a black star placed in the middle of a vertical red band.  The signifies the blood of the fallen heroes, green for fertile green vegetation and gold for the vast mineral resources.
Flag of Guinea Bissau

The Flag of Cape Verde: The flag of Cape Verde was adopted officially in 1992. The flag has ten yellow stars on it which represents the 10 chains of island that makes up the nation. The blue color signifies the sky and the ocean. The white bans stands for peace and red means efforts.

Flag of Cape Verde

The Flag of Mali: The Malian flag was adopted officially in 1961. The flag has three vertical bands of green, gold and red.  The green color in the flag signifies fertility and rich vegetation, the gold represents vast deposit of mineral resources and red as usual represents blood of martyrs.

Flag of Mali

The Flag of Liberia: The flag of Liberia was adopted officially in 1847. The flag has a white star on a blue square background with white and red stripes. The 11 stripes represent the signatories of those who stood for the Independence of Liberia. The white and red colors represent courage and excellence. The white star means the first independent country in Africa while the blue symbolizes the continent of Africa.

Flag of Liberia

The Flag of Sierra Leone: The Sierra Leone flag was first adopted officially in 1961. The flag has three colors namely green, white and blue. The three bands lie side by side to each other with the green and blue by the side. The green color stands for the rich greenery of the nation’s natural resources. The white color represents justice and unity and the blue signifies Freetown’s natural and beautiful harbor.


Flag of Sierra Leone