Top 10 Albania Facts in Albania History You Don’t Know.6 min read


The Albanian flag is a simple one. It’s has a red banner with a double-headed eagle emblem on top of it. The red representing bravery and courage and the double-headed eagle is an emblem that the Albanians have claimed that they have historically used to identify themselves as a people group even though there may be some other countries that would argue. In terms of its political geography Albania is located in the South Balkan region right north of Greece, south of Montenegro, west of Macedonia and Kosovo even though Serbia will tell you that Kosovo is totally not in Kosovo and its just part of Serbia. Albania is off the coast of the Ionian and the Adriatic Sea.

When it comes to Albanians borders it almost kind of looks like every single countries surrounding Albania is trying to take as much coastline away as they can from Albania. In the south Greece had taken extra ten miles of beach, in the north Montenegro has taken over the entire Buna River and even Macedonia has taken away the majority of the lakes and access to those lakes.

Albania doesn’t really get much regard unlike many of its neighbor’s that border the Mediterranean Albania doesn’t really have many islands that border its coastline in fact are only about seven to ten Islands most of which are small uninhabited or barely inhabited like Tongo and Stillo Islands in the south that each only have one house on them and most of the other ones are basically barely even the size of an IKEA. However a lot of them do have a lot of cool historical ancient sites and landmarks on them such as Ali Pasha Castle in Butrint and the 13th century Zvernec monastery island except for one Sazan island.

Sazan Island has actually played a very crucial role in Albania’s history. It was taken over by the Romans, the Constantine, the Ottomans, the Italians and the British and the Greeks. However, the Greeks didn’t want it again so they gave it to the Italians and then the Italians finally gave it to Albanians. To this day sazan Island is the only somewhat inhabited Island as people living there are only there to maintain the former military bases that were built. In terms of its physical geography Albania is about 70% mountainous with about 25% of the land being arable for agriculture and farming which by the way is a sector that employs about half of the entire population of Albania.

Albanian takes their agriculture very seriously in fact for a while they were completely closed off from the rest of the world and self-reliant. In addition to fruits and vegetables and other produce, one thing that Albanians really like to grow is tobacco. Albania is also loaded with a bunch of other types of landscapes like rolling green hills and lush forests and very nice warm temperate beaches such as the ones at ksamil and Durres. Speaking of interesting factor, if you go to Albania, pretty much everywhere around the entire country you’ll notice these World War two concrete war bunkers located everywhere.

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The reason being that because in the middle of the 20th century the old communist leader Enver Hoxha took over and built these war bombers about 700,000 of them and placed them all over the country as it means for militaristic preparation. That cost the country a lot of money that they pretty much didn’t have and it was obviously a poor investment because they never really needed them. However to this day, it’s almost like a little eye spy game; when you go to Albania see how many bunkers you can find.

In terms of its demographics about 85% of the vast majority of people in Albania are identify as ethnically Albanian, There are some minorities like Greeks and Macedonians and Montenegrins as well. The vast majority of people in Albania also speak the Albanian language which is one of the most distinguishable assets of this country. The Albanian language to this day relates to no other Indo-European language branch in the world it stands alone as its own and it’s a very unique language. Albania also has a very interesting faith-based background about 60% of the people identify as nondenominational or secular Muslim and about 20% identify as Christian mostly Catholic or Orthodox.

Historically Albania at one point (1945-1990) banned all religious freedom and was declared the very first atheist state in the entire world during the communist regime until 1992. In Albania, people shake their head to say yes and they nod their head to say no. Historically Albania has probably been one of the most socially awkward countries in the world. Shortly after Albania was relinquished from the Ottoman Empire, Albania kind of went through a few decades of not exactly quite knowing how it to be Albania again and that’s when the Soviets came in but while Albania was part of the Soviet bloc, however, during the sino-soviet split, Albania actually decided to side with China and not Russia which strategically may have been a bad decision the reason being because that made China Albania’s only ally in the world and it can get kind of hard when your only ally in the world isn’t even close to you geographically and to add on top of that in the seventies China was kind of like look Albania it was cute how you wanted to tag along but you’re on your own and then Albania had no allies.

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In the last few years of communism and following the death of Enver hoxha, Albania kind of saw what was going on and they were like we kind of need to turn things around and finally in 1990 the communist regime ended making Albania a constitutional republic. This opened up a lot of doors and from the 90s up until today Albania has become one of the most social countries in the world opening up its arms trying to regain as many diplomatic relations as it can with as many countries and to this day has about 40 embassies in 40 different countries.

Albania is not a social butterfly. Albania is a social pterodactyl. They even named a street after George W. Bush after he visited there one time in 2007. One a lighter note there’s an early episode of the Simpsons (The Crepes of Wrath) Season I Episode II in which Bart signs up for a foreign exchange student program and goes to France whereas the Simpson family receives an exchange student named Adill from Albania. The episode was filmed in 1990 right before the fall of communism in Albania and lightly portrays the tensions between Americans and Soviet influence nations back in that time. In terms of its best friend, Albania would probably consider Kosovo as their best friends considering that the vast majority of people in Kosovo are Albanians. In conclusion Albania may have been that little reserved, quiet kid and maybe they made a few bad decisions here and there historically but they’ve really started to turn things around and you got to give that for the